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1. Pliocene Research, Interpretation and Synoptic Mapping (PRISM) 3D Reconstruction [USGS_PRISM3D]
Estimates of middle Pliocene (~3.0 Ma) global warming suggest temperatures were 2°C greater than today. This level of warming is within the range of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ...


2. AFI 01/01_01 - Biodiversity response to climate change: biodiversity and climate significance of Tertiary forest communities of Antarctica - Fossil wood and leaves of Tertiary age, Seymour Island and adjacent, 2001 [GB-NERC-BAS-AEDC-00311]
During field work in 2001 over 1600 specimens were collected from four main fossil plant assemblages: the ''Nordenksjold flora'' from the Cross Valley Formation of Late Palaeocene age; and 3 floras ...


3. AFI 01/01_02 - Biodiversity response to climate change: biodiversity and climate significance of Tertiary forest communities of Antarctica - Analysis of fossil wood & leaves of Tertiary age, Seymour Island&adjacent, 2001 [GB-NERC-BAS-AEDC-00312]
Fossils from Palaeogene strata on Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula, were studied to determine the nature of vegetation response to the fundamental change from greenhouse to icehouse climates in ...


4. Sedimentological and geochemical analyses of gravity cores from Antarctic Peninsula region (KARP 1996-2006) [KPDC-MD-2006-001]
This dataset includes sedimentological and geochemical analyses of more than 80 gravity cores retrieved from Antarctic Peninsula region during the KARP (Korea Antarctic Research Program) cruise ...


5. Antarctica continental-scale temperature variability during the past two millennia [PAGESAntTemp2013]
As part of a larger reconstruction of global temperatures over the last 2000 years, work was done to bring together all the Antarctic temperature datasets into one combined dataset. Taken from the ...


6. Arabian Sea Summer Monsoon Proxy Data for the Past 3.5 Myr [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2005-082]
Paleoclimate records indicate that the strength of the Asian summer monsoon is sensitive to orbital forcing at the obliquity and precession periods (41,000 and 23,000 years, respectively) and the ...


7. Arabian Sea Surface Temperature Pattern Reconstructions [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2006-049]
These data come from cores throughout the Arabian Sea. We measured d18O, shell weight, and Mg/Ca of G. ruber for four distinct time horizons within the core. Forams were subjected to a full oxidative ...


8. Atmospheric Circulation Changes in the Tropical Pacific Inferred from the Voyages of the Manila Galleons in the Sixteenth-Eighteenth Centuries [NOAA_NGDC_PALEO_CIRCULATION]
[from the data set documentation] Historical accounts of the voyages of the Manila galleons derived from the Archivo General de Indias (General Archive of the Indies, Seville, Spain) are used to ...


9. BIOME 6000 (v4.2): Vegetation Maps for the Mid-Holocene and Last Glacial Maximum [BIOME6000]
The Palaeovegetation Mapping Project (generally known as BIOME 6000: Prentice and Webb, 1998) was inaugurated in 1994 with the aim of providing global maps describing the vegetation patterns at 6000±500 ...


10. BIOME 6000: Reconstructed Biomes from Palaeoecological Data [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2001-046]
The Global Palaeovegetation Mapping (BIOME 6000) Project is a community-wide collaboration inaugurated in 1994 under the joint auspices of four of the elements of the International Geosphere-Biosphere ...


11. BMRC/BMRC2 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_BMRC]   PARENT DIF
The BMRC model is a descendant of a spectral general circulation model first developed in the 1970s (cf. Bourke et al. 1977 , and McAvaney et al. 1978 ). This version is more recent than that used ...


12. Baffin Island 1250 Year Summer Temperature Reconstruction [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2003-075]
Data consists of summer temperature reconstruction based on laminae thickness in sediments from Donard Lake, Baffin Island, Canada. ABSTRACT (from the online documentation): Clastic varved sediments ...


13. Baffin Island 500 Year Summer Temperature Reconstruction [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2003-074]
Data consists of summer temperature reconstruction based on laminae thickness in sediments from Upper Soper Lake, Baffin Island, Canada. ABSTRACT (from the online documentation): ...


14. Barbados Sea Level and Th/U 14C Calibration [EARTH_LAND_NGDC_PALEOCLIM_BARB1]
Part of the NOAA Paleoclimatology Program dataset is the Barbados Sea Level and Th/U 14C Calibration. Barbados data are from Fairbanks (1989) and Bard et al. (1990) - the reference works below - ...


15. Baseline information on both the modern processes operating on Antarctic beaches and the development of beach ridges in relation to the last glaciation ice retreat and isostatic rebound [K043_1996_1998_NZ_1]
Beaches in McMurdo Sound have developed since the last glaciation when ice sheets were at their maximum. The weight of the overlying ice, depressed the land, which has slowly rebounded forming a series ...


16. Bay of Plenty Foraminiferal Data and SST Reconstruction [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2006-036]
We present sea surface temperature (SST) records with centennial-scale resolution from the Bay of Plenty, north of New Zealand. Foraminiferal assemblage-based paleo-SST estimates provide a deglacial ...


17. Benguela Upwelling Region Holocene and Deglacial Mg/Ca Data [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2005-064]
Mg/Ca analyses of G. bulloides and abundances of N. pachyderma (left coiling) from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 175 Hole 1084B in the Benguela coastal upwelling system document lower sea surface ...


18. Bermuda Rise Box Core Data [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_96-030]
This data set consists of data from the Bermuda Rise box core (Hudson89-038-BC004). Latitude: 33 deg 41.6min N Longitude: 57 deg 36.7min W Water depth 4418m Variable names: percent calcium carbonate ...


19. Birch Lake, Alaska Sediment Core Data [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2000-021]
Birch Lake, Alaska, Sediment Core Data, used by Abbott et al, 2000, for paleohydrology and lake level reconstructions. Variable names: Magnetic Susceptibility Wet Bulk Density, Dry Bulk Density, ...


20. MRI2 Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_MRI2]   PARENT DIF
The MRI model is derived from an earlier version of the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) model (cf. Arakawa and Mintz 1974 and Arakawa and Lamb 1977 ). Subsequent modifications include ...


21. MSU Model Runs for Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) [PMIP_MSU]   PARENT DIF
The MSU model was developed in 1989 for climate applications. The latest version of this model is significantly differ from the first version: a) it is used the simulation with seasonal resolution, ...


22. Monsoon Fluctuations Data [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_97-018]
This data set consists of several different data sets from four marine cores in the northwest Pacific Ocean. The cores, their water depths, and latitude and longitude are as follows: ...


23. Montpelier Plantation, Virginia Precipitation Reconstruction [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2003-005]
As early colonialists crossed the Atlantic Ocean from Europe to North America, they carried preconceived notions on the variation of climate with latitude. Perhaps not surprisingly, they expected ...


24. Moon Lake 11,000 Year Diatom-inferred Salinity Data [NOAA-NCDC_PALEO_2003-030]
11,000 year diatom-derived salinity record, interpreted as a drought intensity and frequency proxy on the Great Plains of North America Site: Moon Lake, North Dakota, USA (46 51' 27" N, 98 09' 30" ...


25. Moon Lake Diatom Salinity-Drought Data, 350 BC - 1980 AD [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_1998-015]
Drought intensity and frequency on the Great Plains of North America inferred from Diatom derived salinity reconstructions in Moon Lake, North Dakota, USA (46 51' 27" N, 98 09' 30" W. ~35 ha, max. ...


26. Multi-Millennial Nevada Precipitation Reconstruction [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2000-049]
This data set consists of reconstructed precipitation for Nevada Climate Division 3, annual July through June. Trees used for the reconstruction are bristlecone pine from Methuselah Walk, White ...


27. Multi-Proxy North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) Reconstruction, 1429-1983, WDC/Paleoclimatology [NOAA_NGDC_PALEO_NAO_RECON]
[from the NOAA/NCDC/WDC Paleclimatology documentation] Tree-ring records from Morocco and Finland are combined with GISP2 d18O and accumulation records to develop a lengthy multi-proxy reconstruction ...


28. Plio-Pleistocene Astronomical Timescale [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_96-017]
This data set consists of a comparison of published astronomically calibrated timescales. The ASCII file lourens1996.dat contains composite depth,age, oxygen isotope data from G. ruber-obliquus, ...


29. Precipitation Reconstruction for Huashan, China [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_96-020]
This data set consists of precipitation reconstructions for Huashan, Shaanxi Province, in the central People's Republic Of China, based on tree-ring data.


30. Proxy-Based Pacific SST Reconstructions [NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_2001-068]
We have produced three sets of reconstructed Pacific Basin SST field and error estimates, based on three sets of observations. SST anomaly values reconstructed on the basis of proxies are small, and ...


31. GPR/GPS surveys and analysis of a firn core from the Gawn Ice Piedmont Glacier to examine Holocene climate history [K049_1999_2008_NZ_11]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


32. Holocene climate history from ice cores, snow profiles, the glacial system and local climate patterns from the Evans Piedmont Glacier, Victoria Land Coast Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_6]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


33. Holocene climate history from ice cores, snow profiles, the glacial system and local climate patterns from the Mt Erebus Saddle, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_7]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from Mt Erebus ...


34. Holocene climate history from ice cores, snow profiles, weather and glacier investigations (topography, mass balance and bedrock mapping) of the Victoria Lower Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_2]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from two ...


35. Holocene climate history from investigations of the glacial system, ice cores and local climate patterns from Skinner Saddle, Victoria Land Coast Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_10]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from Skinner ...


36. Holocene climate history from investigations of the glacial system, ice cores and local climate patterns from Skinner Saddle, Victoria Land Coast Antarctica - K049_1999_2012_NZ_10 [K049_1999_2012_NZ_10]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from Skinner ...


37. Holocene climate history obtained from ice cores, snow profiles (density, chemistry, structure), snow samples (dust origin) and climate measurements from the Baldwin Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_3]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


38. Holocene climate history obtained from snow profiles (chemistry, dust flux, temperature, structure), firn cores and climate measurements from the Wilson Piedmont Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_4]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


39. Investigation of dust inputs into McMurdo Sound, oxygen and hydrogen isotopes and snow/firn density from firn cores from Windless Bight, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_8]   PARENT DIF
Two firn cores (21m and 20m) were recovered from Windless Bight to quantify dust input into the McMurdo Sound. In addition, oxygen and hydrogen isotopes as well as snow/firn density were measured.


40. Investigation of the Holocene climate history from analysis of the glacial system, ice cores and snow samples from the Whitehall Glacier, Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica [K049_1999_2008_NZ_9]   PARENT DIF
To understand the drivers and consequences of climate change on timescales important to humans, the paleoclimate of ice cores, the glacial system and local climate patterns were analysed from the ...


41. New Zealand International Transantarctic Scientific Expedition (NZ ITASE) - Climate variability measured from ice cores taken along the Victoria Land Coast [K049_1999_2008_NZ_1]   CHILD DIFs
The climate of the Victoria Land Coast is created by the interacting influences of the Dry Valleys, East Antarctic Ice Sheet and the Ross Sea. Slight changes can significantly alter local weather ...


42. Snow profiles (analysed for snow chemistry, isotope ratios dust flux and mineralogy) along a transect from the coast towards the East Antarctic Ice Sheet to interpret Holocene climate records [K049_1999_2008_NZ_5]   PARENT DIF
In order to interpret the climate record contained in the ice cores from Victoria Lower Glacier it was necessary to trace air mass trajectories to distinguish between marine and continental influences. ...


43. Nitrogen and Oxygen Gas Isotopes in the Siple Dome and Byrd Ice Cores, Antarctica, Version 1 [NSIDC-0407_1]
This data set consists of Gas-isotopic data from the Siple Dome and and Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) ice cores covering roughly the last 100,000 years (100 ka), consisting of d15N (15N/14N) ...


44. US ITASE-00-1 ice core (Research funded by NSF OPP) [US_ITASE-00-1_12_03_2008]   PARENT DIF
Sub-annually resolved ice core chemistry data from various sites on the Antarctic Ice Sheet were obtained from 1999 to 2008 during the US International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition (US ITASE) ...


45. US ITASE-00-2 ice core (Research funded by NSF OPP) [US_ITASE-00-2_12_03_2008]   PARENT DIF
Sub-annually resolved ice core chemistry data from various sites on the Antarctic Ice Sheet were obtained from 1999 to 2008 during the US International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition (US ITASE) ...


46. US ITASE-00-3 ice core (Research funded by NSF OPP) [US_ITASE-00-3_12_03_2008]   PARENT DIF
Sub-annually resolved ice core chemistry data from various sites on the Antarctic Ice Sheet were obtained from 1999 to 2008 during the US International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition (US ITASE) ...


47. US ITASE-00-4 ice core (Research funded by NSF OPP) [US_ITASE-00-4_12_03_2008]   PARENT DIF
Sub-annually resolved ice core chemistry data from various sites on the Antarctic Ice Sheet were obtained from 1999 to 2008 during the US International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition (US ITASE) ...


48. US ITASE-00-7 ice core (Research funded by NSF OPP) [US_ITASE-00-7_12_03_2008]   PARENT DIF
Sub-annually resolved ice core chemistry data from various sites on the Antarctic Ice Sheet were obtained from 1999 to 2008 during the US International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition (US ITASE) ...


49. US ITASE-01-2 ice core (Research funded by NSF OPP) [US_ITASE-01-2_12_03_2008]   PARENT DIF
Sub-annually resolved ice core chemistry data from various sites on the Antarctic Ice Sheet were obtained from 1999 to 2008 during the US International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition (US ITASE) ...


50. US ITASE-01-4 ice core (Research funded by NSF OPP) [US_ITASE-01-4_12_03_2008]   PARENT DIF
Sub-annually resolved ice core chemistry data from various sites on the Antarctic Ice Sheet were obtained from 1999 to 2008 during the US International Trans-Antarctic Scientific Expedition (US ITASE) ...


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