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1. SAFARI 2000 1-Degree Estimates of Burned Biomass, Area, and Emissions, 2000 [s2k_one_deg_biomass_754_1]
A new method is used to generate spatial estimates of monthly averaged biomass burned area and spatial and temporal estimates of trace gas and aerosol emissions from open fires in southern Africa. ...


2. SAFARI 2000 Atmospheric Aerosol Measurements, Hand-held Hazemeters, Zambia [s2k_hazemeter_708_1]
In conjunction with the AERONET (AErosol RObotic NETwork) participation in SAFARI 2000, the USDA Forest Service deployed handheld hazemeters in western Zambia from mid-June to late September 2000. ...


3. SAFARI 2000 MODIS Airborne Simulator Data, Southern Africa, Dry Season 2000 [MAS_832_2]
This dataset contains the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Airborne Simulator (MAS) multispectral data collected during the SAFARI 2000 project. The flights were undertaken over ...


4. SAFARI 2000 Monthly and Annual CO2 Emissions from Soil, 0.5 Degree Grid [s2k_soil_respiration_gridded_644_1]
The data set provides estimated monthly and annual soil CO2 emissions for southern Africa (the SAFARI 2000 project region). The calculated emissions are from the respiration of both soil organisms ...


5. SAFARI 2000 C-130 Aerosol and Meteorological Data, Dry Season 2000 [s2k_met_c130_720_1]
The Met Office C-130 research aircraft was based at Windhoek, Namibia, between September 5-16, 2000, where it conducted a series of flights over Namibia as part of the SAFARI 2000 Dry Season Aircraft ...


6. SAFARI 2000 AERONET Ground-based Aerosol Data, Dry Season 2000 [s2k_aeronet_706_1]
AERONET (AErosol RObotic NETwork) is an optical ground-based aerosol monitoring network and data archive system. AERONET measurements of the column-integrated aerosol optical properties in the southern ...


7. SAFARI 2000 AERONET-derived Diffuse Spectral Irradiance for Eight Core Sites [s2k_diffuse_irrad_791_1]
This data set contains monthly mean values of diffuse irradiance fraction [f(Ediff), or ratio of diffuse-to-total irradiance] at ground level for a 30-degree solar zenith angle and in seven spectral ...


8. SAFARI 2000 ALI/ETM+ Tandem Image Pair for Skukuza, South Africa, May 2001 [S2K_RS_ALI_ETM_PAIR_821_1]
A tandem pair of Advanced Land Imager (ALI) and Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) scenes covering the same part of Kruger National Park (KNP), South Africa (including the Skukuza tower ...


9. SAFARI 2000 AOT and Column Water Vapor, Kalahari Transect, Wet Season 2000 [s2k_kalahari_aot_719_1]
The data presented here include the aerosol optical thickness (AOT) and column water vapor measurements taken at sites along the Kalahari Transect using a Microtops sunphotometer. Data were collected ...


10. SAFARI 2000 ASTER and MODIS Fire Data Comparison, Dry Season 2001 [s2k_aster_modis_707_1]
These data relate to a paper (Morisette et al., 2005) that describes the use of high spatial resolution ASTER data to determine the accuracy of the moderate resolution MODIS active fire product. Our ...


11. SAFARI 2000 AVHRR Daily Site (1.5 km) and 15-Day Regional (1.5- and 6-km) Imagery [S2K_RS_AVHRR_IMAGERY_822_1]
The Global Inventory Mapping and Modeling (GIMMS) group at NASA/GSFC provided SAFARI 2000 with remotely sensed satellite data products at the site and regional level. These AVHRR data contain two ...


12. SAFARI 2000 AVHRR-derived Land Surface Temperature Maps, Africa, 1995-2000 [S2K_RS_AVHRRLST_IMAGERY_826_1]
Land Surface Temperature (LST) is a key indicator of land surface states, and can provide information on surface-atmosphere heat and mass fluxes, vegetation water stress, and soil moisture. A daily, ...


13. SAFARI 2000 Aerosol Fatty Acid and Stable Isotope Data, Mongu, Dry Season 2000 [S2K_BILLMARK_2006_828_1]
The Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000) was conducted in part to investigate the impacts of the large-scale transport and deposition of increasingly anthropogenic emissions ...


14. SAFARI 2000 Airborne Sunphotometer Aerosol Optical Depth and Water Vapor Data [s2k_sunphotometer_643_1]
The NASA Ames Airborne Tracking 14-channel Sunphotometer (AATS-14) was operated successfully aboard the University of Washington CV-580 for 24 data flights during the dry-season airborne campaign ...


15. SAFARI 2000 Annual Soil Respiration Data (Raich and Schlesinger 1992) [s2k_soil_respiration_645_1]
This data set is a compilation of soil respiration rates (g C m-2 yr-1) from terrestrial and wetland ecosystems reported in the literature prior to 1992 subset for the Safari 2000 project. These rates ...


16. SAFARI 2000 BRDF Measurements at Sua Pan and Skukuza, Dry Season 2000 [s2k_parabola_779_1]
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory's (JPL) Portable Apparatus for Rapid Acquisition of Bidirectional Observation of the Land and Atmosphere (PARABOLA), version III, instrument collected radiance data covering ...


17. SAFARI 2000 BVOC Measurements at Skukuza and Maun Flux Towers, Wet Season 2001 [s2k_bvoc_759_1]
Biogenic volatile organic compound (BVOC) emissions were measured in a Colophospermum mopane woodland near Maun, Botswana, and in a Combretum-Acacia savanna in Kruger National Park, 13 km from Skukuza, ...


18. SAFARI 2000 Biomass Burning Emissions, Selected Sites, Dry Season 2000 [s2k_burn_emissions_752_1]
Biomass burning is a major source for gaseous and particulate atmospheric pollution over southern Africa and globally. The purpose of this study was to quantify biomass burning emissions in an attempt ...


19. SAFARI 2000 CV-580 Aerosol and Cloud Data, Dry Season 2000 (CARG) [s2k_cv580_710_1]
The Cloud and Aerosol Research Group (CARG) of the University of Washington participated in the SAFARI-2000 Dry Season Aircraft campaign with their Convair-580 research aircraft. This campaign covered ...


20. SAFARI 2000 Canopy Structural Measurements, Kalahari Transect, Wet Season 2001 [s2k_canopy_struc_768_1]
This data set contains leaf area index (LAI), leaf inclination angle, and canopy dimension data from study sites along the Kalahari Transect in southwest Botswana. The data were collected during the ...


21. SAFARI 2000 Carbon in Live Vegetation, 0.5-Deg (Olson) [s2k_olson_633_1]
This data set is a subset of Olson's Major World Ecosystem Complexes for southern Africa in ASCII GRID and binary image file formats. Olson's Major World Ecosystem Complexes Ranked by Carbon in Live ...


22. SAFARI 2000 Cloud Absorption Radiometer BRDF, Dry Season 2000 [s2k_car_brdf_709_1]
The Cloud Absorption Radiometer (CAR) is an airborne multi-wavelength scanning radiometer that can perform several functions including determining the single scattering albedo of clouds at selected ...


23. SAFARI 2000 Cloud Physics Lidar (CPL) Quicklook Images and Maps [s2k_cpl_images_721_1]
The effect of clouds and aerosols on regional and global climate is of great importance. Two longstanding elements of the NASA climate and radiation science program are field studies incorporating ...


24. SAFARI 2000 Daily Rainfall Estimates, 0.1-Deg, Southern Africa, 1993-2001 [s2k_daily_prec_793_1]
The Microwave InfraRed Algorithm (MIRA) is used to produce an imagery data set of daily mean rain rates at 0.1 degree spatial resolution over southern Africa for the period 1993-2001. MIRA combines ...


25. SAFARI 2000 Daily Rainfall Totals for Mongu, Zambia, 1999-2002 [s2k_mongu_rainfall_785_1]
This data set contains daily rainfall totals (mm) from Mongu, in the Western Province of Zambia. The data were collected with a British standard 5 inch diameter rain gauge in a yard 30 m away from ...


26. SAFARI 2000 Derived Soil Properties, 0.5-Deg (ISRIC-WISE) [s2k_isric-wise_634_1]
The data set consists of a southern African subset of the ISRIC-WISE global data set of derived soil properties. The World Inventory of Soil Emission Potentials (WISE) database currently contains ...


27. SAFARI 2000 Digital Elevation Model, 1-km (GLOBE) [s2k_globe_dem_630_1]
This data set consists of a southern African subset of the Global Land One-Kilometer Base Elevation (GLOBE) digital elevation model (DEM) data in both ASCII GRID and binary image file formats.


28. SAFARI 2000 ER-2 Color-IR Aerial Photography, Dry Season 2000 [s2k_er2_photos_722_1]
Aerial photography from the NASA ER-2 high-altitude aircraft was collected to provide detailed and spatially extensive documentation over parts of the SAFARI study area. The ER-2 aerial photography ...


29. SAFARI 2000 ETA Atmospheric Model Data, Wet and Dry Seasons 2000 [s2k_eta_model_723_1]
With modern computer power now capable of making mesoscale model output available in real time in the operational environment, increased attention has been given to utilizing these models in order ...


30. SAFARI 2000 Emissions Estimates, MODIS Burned Area Product, Dry Season 2000 [s2k_modis_emissions_758_1]
The recently generated MODIS burned area product over southern Africa for the month of September 2000 was used to calculate regional biomass burning emissions from grassland and woodland fires for ...


31. SAFARI 2000 Estimated BVOC Emissions for Southern African Land Cover Types [s2k_landcover_bvoc_764_1]
Improved vegetation distribution and emission data for Africa south of the equator were developed for the Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000) and combined with biogenic volatile ...


32. SAFARI 2000 FEWS 10-day Rainfall Estimate, 8-Km, 1999-2001 [s2k_fews_711_1]
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Famine Early Warning System (FEWS) has been supporting the production of 10-day Rainfall Estimate (RFE) data for Africa since 1995. The FEWSNET ...


33. SAFARI 2000 FPAR TRAC Data for Mongu, Zambia, 1999-2002 [s2k_fpar_trac_784_1]
Data from the Tracing Architecture and Radiation of Canopies (TRAC) instrument were processed to determine the fraction of intercepted photosynthetically active radiation (FPAR) at the EOS Validation ...


34. SAFARI 2000 Fire Emission Data, Dry Season 2000 [s2k_fire_emissions_724_1]
As part of the SAFARI 2000), the University of Montana participated in both ground-based and airborne campaigns during the southern African dry season of 2000 to measure trace gas emissions from biofuel ...


35. SAFARI 2000 Freshwater Wetlands, 1-Deg (Stillwell-Soller et al.) [s2k_soller-wetlands_635_1]
This data set consists of a southern Africa subset of the Global Distribution of Freshwater Wetlands database 1-degree data and is available in ASCII GRID and binary image file formats.


36. SAFARI 2000 GPCP Daily Precipitation, 1-Deg, 1999-2001 [s2k_gpcp_712_1]
The Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) is an international project designed to provide improved long-record estimates of precipitation over the globe. The general approach is to combine ...


37. SAFARI 2000 Gas Emissions from Biofuel Use and Production, September 2000 [s2k_biofuel_emiss_753_1]
Domestic biomass fuels (biofuels) are estimated to be the second largest source of carbon emissions from global biomass burning. Wood and charcoal provide approximately 90% and 10% of domestic energy ...


38. SAFARI 2000 Global Burned Area Map, 1-km, Southern Africa, 2000 [s2k_spot_veg_burn_790_1]
The Global Burned Area 2000 initiative (GBA2000) was launched by the Global Vegetation Mapping Unit of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, in partnership with several other institutions, ...


39. SAFARI 2000 Global Historical Climatology Network, V. 1, 1874-1990 [s2k_ghcn_v1_631_1]
This data set consists of a southern African subset of the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) Version 1 database. All stations with the following bounding coordinates are included in this ...


40. SAFARI 2000 Global Historical Climatology Network, V. 2, 1990-2001 [s2k_ghcn_v2_646_1]
This data set consists of a southern Africa subset of the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) Version 2 database. All stations with the following bounding coordinates are included in this ...


41. SAFARI 2000 Historical Fire Maps, Kruger National Park, 1992-2001 [s2k_knp_fire_map_756_1]
Kruger National Park (KNP) was established in 1898 to protect wildlife on nearly 2 million hectares of the South African Lowveld. Savanna fires are common in the South African Lowveld during the dry ...


42. SAFARI 2000 Hydrographic Data, 1-Deg, Release 2.2 (Cogley) [s2k_cogley_636_1]
This southern African subset of the Global Hydrographic data set (GGHYDRO) Release 2.2 is organized into 19 files containing terrain type, stream frequency counts, major drainage basins, main features ...


43. SAFARI 2000 JRA Aerocommander Trace Gas, Aerosol, and CCN Data, Dry Season 2000 [s2k_sawb_jra_713_1]
As part of the 3rd Intensive Campaign of SAFARI 2000, the South African Weather Bureau Aerocommander, JRA, flew 19 missions, for a total of 28 separate flights conducted between August 15th and September ...


44. SAFARI 2000 JRB Aerocommander Trace Gas and Aerosol Data, Dry Season 2000 [s2k_jrb_714_1]
As part of the 3rd Intensive Campaign of SAFARI 2000, the South African Weather Bureau Aerocommander, JRB, flew 19 missions, for a total of 28 separate flights conducted between August 15th and September ...


45. SAFARI 2000 Kalahari Transect CO2, Water Vapor, and Heat Flux, Wet Season 2000 [s2k_kt_co2_765_1]
Short-term measurements of carbon dioxide, water, and energy fluxes were collected at four locations along a mean annual precipitation gradient in southern Africa during the SAFARI 2000 wet (growing) ...


46. SAFARI 2000 LAI Measurements at Kalahari Transect Sites, Wet Season 2000 [s2k_kt_lai_770_1]
The Boston University team collected several data sets along the Kalahari Transect during the SAFARI 2000 wet season field campaign from March 3rd to March 18th, 2000, to support the validation of ...


47. SAFARI 2000 LAI and FPAR Measurements at Sua Pan, Botswana, Dry Season 2000 [s2k_misr_lai_fpar_778_1]
The Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) Validation team was deployed to the Sua Pan salt playa in the Magkadigkadi region of Botswana during the SAFARI 2000 Dry Season Aircraft Campaign to ...


48. SAFARI 2000 Land Cover from AVHRR, 1-Deg, 1987 (Defries and Townshend) [s2k_glcf1deg_626_1]
The UMD 1-degree Global Land Cover product was produced by researchers at the Laboratory for Global Remote Sensing Studies (LGRSS) at UMD. The product is based on Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer ...


49. SAFARI 2000 Land Cover from AVHRR, 1-km, 1992-1993 (Hansen et al.) [s2k_land_cover-1km_627_1]
This data set consists of a southern African subset of the 1-km Global Land Cover Data Set Derived from AVHRR developed at the Laboratory for Global Remote Sensing Studies (LGRSS) at the University ...


50. SAFARI 2000 Land Cover from AVHRR, 8-km, 1984 (DeFries et al.) [s2k_land_cover-8km_628_1]
This data set consists of a southern African subset of the University of Maryland (UMD) 8-km Global Land Cover product in ASCII GRID and binary image files formats.


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