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1. Asian Summer Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_ASIASUMR]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Asian Summer pattern is a prominent mode from June-August. The pattern is monopole in nature, with anomalies of the same ...

2. Atmospheric CO2 and Climate: Byrd Ice Core, Antarctica [NSIDC-0314_1]
Reconstructions of ancient atmospheric CO2 variations help us better understand how the global carbon cycle and climate are linked. This data set compares CO2 variations on millennial time scales ...

3. Borehole Optical Stratigraphy: Ice Microphysics, Climate Change, and the Optical Properties of Firn [waddington_0335330]
This award supported a study of the physical nature and environmental origin of optical features (light and dark zones) observed by video in boreholes in polar ice. These features appear to include ...

4. Collaborative Research in IPY: Abrupt Environmental Change in the Larsen Ice Shelf System, a Multidisciplinary Approach - Cryosphere and Oceans [scambos_0732921]
This award supports the cryospheric and oceano-graphic components of an integrated multi-disciplinary program to address these rapid and fundamental changes now taking place in Antarctic Peninsula ...

5. Collaborative Research in IPY: Abrupt Environmental Change in the Larsen Ice Shelf System, a Multidisciplinary Approach -- Cryosphere and Oceans - truffer_0732602 [truffer_0732602]
This award supports the cryospheric and oceanographic components of an integrated multi-disciplinary program to address the rapid and fundamental changes now taking place in Antarctic Peninsula (AP). ...

6. Dry Valleys Late Holocene Climate Variability, Antarctica [kreutz_0228052]
This award supports a project to collect and develop high-resolution ice core records from the Dry Valleys region of Antarctica, and provide interpretations of interannual to decadal-scale climate ...

7. Dust Logging at Dome C for Abrupt Climate Changes, Large Volcanic Eruptions and Bolide Impacts [bay_0739743]
This award supports a project to make high-resolution logs of dust and ash in the Dome C borehole using an optical dust logger. The dust logger employs a temperature-regulated diode laser at 404 nm ...

8. IPY: Stability of Larsen C Ice Shelf in a Warming Climate [steffen_0732946]
Our ground penetrating radar surveys focused on key structural features of the ice shelf, including basal crevasses, marine ice and rifts. Here we present our published work on basal crevasses. ...

9. Optical Logging for Dust and Microbes in Boreholes in Glacial Ice [NSIDC-0403_1]
This data set contains high-resolution logs of dust and microbes measured at the Siple Dome A borehole in Antarctica. The data were obtained using a newly developed optical borehole logger, which ...

10. Self-consistent Ice Dynamics, Accumulation, Delta-age, and Interpolation of Sparse Age Data using an Inverse Approach [waddington_0636997]
We provide a the synthetic, sparse depth-age data generated using a 1-d ice-flow model. The age data include red noise to simulate real depth-age data. The inferred depth-age data profile are included. ...

11. Tracing Glacial-interglacial Changes in the Dust Source to Antarctica using Helium Isotopes [winckler_0636898]
This award supports a project to study dust sources in Antarctic ice cores. Atmospheric aerosols play an important role both in global biogeochemical cycles as well as in the climate system of the ...

12. Monthly ENSO Precipitation Index (ESPI) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_ESPI]
[Text Source: Curtis, S. and R. Adler, 2000: ENSO indexes based on patterns of satellite-derived precipitation. J. Climate, 13, 2786-2793 and http://trmm.gsfc.nasa.gov/ESPIsummary.html ] ...

13. AVHRR Pathfinder Atmosphere (PATMOS) Data Set [NOAA_AVHRR_PATMOS]
The AVHRR Pathfinder Atmosphere (PATMOS) Project is a NOAA/NESDIS activity in support of the NOAA/NASA Pathfinder Program. Its original objective was to reprocess all afternoon AVHRR data from NOAA ...

14. Daily Antarctic Oscillation Index (AAO) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_AAO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The daily Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) index is constructed by projecting the daily (00Z) 700mb height anomalies poleward of ...

15. Daily Arctic Oscillation (AO) Index from NOAA/NWS/Center for Climate Prediction [NOAA_NWS_CPC_AO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The daily Arctic Oscillation (AO) index is constructed by projecting the daily (00Z) 1000mb height anomalies poleward of 20N ...

16. Daily Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) Indices from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_MJO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] An extended Empirical Orthogonal Function (EEOF) analysis is applied to pentad velocity potential at 200-hPa for ENSO-neutral ...

17. Daily North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) Index from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NAO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The daily North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index is constructed by properly projecting the daily (00Z) 500mb height anomalies ...

18. Daily Pacific-North America (PNA) Pattern from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_PNA]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The daily Pacific-North America Patter (PNA) index is constructed by properly projecting the daily (00Z) 500mb height anomalies ...

19. Darwin and Tahiti Sea Level Pressure (SLP) 1882 to present from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_DARTAH]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] Monthly sea level pressure (SLP) data measured at Darwin, Australia and Tahiti from 1882-present. Data consists of the original ...

20. East Atlantic Jet Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EAJET]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The East Atlantic Jet pattern is the third primary mode of low frequency variability found over the North Atlantic, ...

21. East Atlantic Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EA]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The East Atlantic (EA) pattern is the second of three prominent modes of low-frequency variability over the North Atlantic, ...

22. East Atlantic/West Russia Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EAWRUS]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The East Atlantic/ West Russia (EATL/WRUS) pattern is one of two prominent that affects Eurasia during most of the year. This ...

23. East Pacific Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EP]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The EP pattern is evident in all months except August and September, and reflects a north-south dipole of height anomalies ...

24. Equatorial Pacific Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_EQSOI]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] This data set consist of monthly sea level pressure (SLP) standardized anomalies in Indonesia (INDO) and the Eastern Pacific ...

25. Monthly Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_AMO]
[Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Physical Sciences Division, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The HadSST and NOAA OI SST datasets are used to compute Atlantic SST anomalies north of ...

26. Monthly Bivariate ENSO Time Series (BEST) Index [NOAA_NWS_CPC_BEST]
[Text Source: Prashant Sardeshmukh and Catherine Smith, "Bivariate EnSo Timeseries or the "BEST" ENSO Index", http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/people/cathy.smith/best/ ] [Note change in SST dataset. ...

27. Monthly Caribbean SST Index (CAR) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_CAR]
[Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Physical Sciences Division, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The timeseries of SST anomalies averaged over the the Caribbean. Data is obtained from ...

28. Monthly Globally Integrated Angular Momentum Index [NOAA_NWS_CPC_GIAM]
[Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Physical Sciences Division, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The atmospheric angular momentum is the product of mass times the rotational velocity times ...

29. Monthly Multivariate ENSO Index (MEI) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_MEI]
[Text Source: Klaus Wolter, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd//people/klaus.wolter/MEI/ Refer to: Wolter and Timlin, 1993, 1998, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd//people/klaus.wolter/MEI/#ref_wt1 ] El Niņo/Southern ...

30. Monthly North Tropical Atlantic (NTA) SST Index [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NTA]
[Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Physical Sciences Division, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The timeseries of SST anomalies averaged over 60W to 20W, 6N to 18N and 20W to 10W, 6N ...

31. Monthly Northern Oscillation Index (NOI) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NOI]
[Text Source: NOAA Environmental Research Division, http://www.pfeg.noaa.gov/products/PFEL/modeled/indices/NOIx/noix.html ] The NOI (extratropical-based Northern Oscillation Index) and its analog, ...

32. Monthly Oceanic Nino Index (ONI) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_ONI]
[Text Source: NOAA/CPC and NOAA/ESRL/PSD] The Oceanic Nino Index (ONI) is a three month running mean of NOAA ERSST.v2 SST anomalies in the Nino 3.4 region (5N-5S, 120-170W), based on the 1971-2000 ...

33. Monthly Tropical North Atlantic Index (TNA) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_TNAI]
[Source: NOAA/ESRL/PSD, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The Tropical North Atlantic Index is Anomaly of the average of the monthly SST from 5.5N-23.5N and 15W-57.5W. GISST and NOAA ...

34. Monthly Tropical South Atlantic Index (TSA) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_TSA]
[Source: NOAA/ESRL/PSD, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The Tropical South Atlantic Index is Anomaly of the average of the monthly SST from Eq-20S and 10E-30W. GISST and NOAA OI 1x1 ...

35. Monthly Western Hemisphere Warm Pool (WHWP) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_WHWP]
[Source: NOAA/ESRL/PSD, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The Western Hemisphere Warm Pool (WHWP) monthly anomaly of the ocean surface area warmer than 28.5B0C in the Atlantic and eastern ...

36. Monthly and Weekly Nino 1+2 Region SST Index: Extreme Eastern Tropical Pacific [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NINO12]
[Text Source: NOAA/CPC and NOAA/ESRL/PSD] Nino Regions - for data sampling of SSTs the tropical Pacific has been divided into a number of regions named Nino 1, 2,3, 4, and 3.4 (which is encompasses ...

37. Monthly and Weekly Nino 3 Region SST Index: Central Tropical Pacific [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NINO3]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] Nino Regions - for data sampling of SSTs the tropical Pacific has been divided into a number of regions named Nino 1, 2,3, ...

38. Monthly and Weekly Nino 3.4 Region SST Index: East Central Tropical Pacific [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NINO34]
[Text Source: NOAA/CPC and NOAA/ESRL/PSD] Nino Regions - for data sampling of SSTs the tropical Pacific has been divided into a number of regions named Nino 1, 2,3, 4, and 3.4 (which is encompasses ...

39. North Pacific Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_NP]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The North Pacific pattern is prominent from March through July. This pattern consists of a primary anomaly center which spans ...

40. Northern and Southern Hemisphere Blocking Index from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_BLOCKING]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The blocking index of Tibaldi and Molteni (1990) was modified from that of Lejenas and Okland (1983). The index is local and ...

41. Pacific Transition (PT) Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_PT]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Pacific Transition pattern is prominent between May-August. The mode consists of a wave-like pattern of height anomalies, ...

42. Polar/Eurasia Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_POLAREUR]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Polar/ Eurasian pattern appears only in the winter, and is the most prominent mode of low-frequency variability during ...

43. Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) Indices at 30 mb and 50 mb from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_QBO]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] Quasi-Biennal Oscillation (QBO) index (formally known as Singapore Winds) monthly since 1979. Data is available at 30mb and ...

44. Scandanavia (SCAND) Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_SCAND]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Scandinavia pattern (SCAND) consists of a primary circulation center which spans Scandinavia and large portions of the ...

45. Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Indices from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_SSTINDEX]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] This data consists of sea surface temperature (SST) indices for the followng regions: Weekly and Monthly SST indices for: ...

46. Tahiti-Darwin Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) 1882 to present from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_SOI]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] Monthly Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) based on standardized sea level pressure (SLP) difference data measured between Tahiti ...

47. Trans-Nino Index (TNI) [NOAA_NWS_CPC_TNI]
[Source: NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Physical Sciences Division, http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/ ] The timeseries ...

48. Tropical/Northern Hemisphere Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_TNH]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The Tropical/ Northern Hemisphere pattern was first classified by Mo and Livezey (1986), and appears as a prominent mode from ...

49. West Pacific Teleconnection Patterns from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_WP]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The WP pattern is a primary mode of low-frequency variability over the North Pacific in all months, and has been previously ...

50. Zonal Trade Wind Indices Observations and Forecasts at 850mb from NOAA/Climate Prediction Center [NOAA_NWS_CPC_ZONAL850]
[Source: NOAA Climate Prediction Center, http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/ ] The zonal wind indices are obtained by averaging the daily (00Z) zonal wind anomalies over the indicated area. Note that positive ...

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