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Earthquake Damage - General
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Abstract: An earthquake is the motion or trembling of the ground produced by sudden displacement of rock in the Earth's crust. Earthquakes result from crustal strain, volcanism, landslides, and collapse of caverns. Earthquakes can affect hundreds of thousands of square kilometers; cause damage to property measured in the tens of billions of dollars; result in loss of life and injury to hundreds of thousands ... View entire text

Purpose: To provide long-term scientific data stewardship for the Nation's geophysical data, ensuring quality, integrity, and accessibility.
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Description:  Earthquake of June 16, 1964, Niigata, Japan.The magnitude 7.4 earthquake killed 26 and destroyed 3,018 houses and moderately or severely damaged 9,750 in Niigata prefecture. Aerial view of leaning apartment houses in Niigata produced by soil liquefaction and the behavior of poor foundations. Most of the damage was caused by cracking and unequal settlement of the ground such as is shown here. About 1/3 of the city subsided by as much as 2 meters as a result of sand compaction.

Geographic Coverage
Spatial coordinates   
  N: 61.13   S: -31.38   E: 139.03   W: -149.53

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce (comp)
Dataset Title: Earthquake Damage - General
Dataset Release Date: 1994
Version: First
Parent DIF
This data set description is a member of a collection. The collection is described in

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1959-08-18
Stop Date: 1980-11-30
ISO Topic Category
Use Constraints Access Constraints: None Use Constraints: None Distribution Liability: While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
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Data Center
National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Supplemental Info
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Contact Address:
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City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80305-3328
Country: USA
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Distribution Format: TIFF
Fees: None

Distribution Format: JPG
Fees: None
Email: at
Contact Address:
325 Broadway
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80305-3328
Country: USA
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2015-11-16
Last DIF Revision Date: 2018-06-05